Losing your job is a worst case scenario for many expats. Nonetheless, should you have to face dismissal, you may be glad that you are in the Netherlands when it occurs, as you will start with strong legal rights.
The Dutch labour law system for dismissal is particularly unusual, as it is very protective of employees.
There are 5 ways that your employment can terminate under Dutch law:
When your fixed-term contract ends,
When you resign your job,
Via UVW/court dismissal,
Through a settlement agreement, or
Through summary dismissal.
If you are facing dismissal from work, consider getting legal advice before you make any agreements.
End of fixed-term contract
If you have a fixed-term (temporary) contract of employment, it will terminate automatically on the end date shown in your contract. Your employer does not have to give you notice beforehand and you do not have to give your employer notice either.
There is no further procedure to be followed; your employment simply terminates at the end of the fixed-term period.
Resigning from a job
Should you decide to resign your job during the term of your employment, you will need to give written notice of your intention to leave in accordance with the notice period in your contract.
If you have a fixed-term (temporary) contract, then neither you nor your employer can end the employment earlier than the end date unless the contract includes a clause that provides for your earlier resignation and notice period. If your fixed-term contract has such a clause, submit your notice to resign accordingly. Always give notice in writing, via email or registered letter.
If you, as an employee, leave your position before the notice period ends or if you do not give a proper notice period to your employer, your employer may be able to hold you liable for damages.
UVW / court dismissal or settlement
An employer cannot terminate a permanent contract without your agreement. They also cannot terminate a temporary contract prior to its scheduled date of completion. Only the Employee Insurance Agency (UWV) or the cantonal court can (give permission to) terminate an employment contract.
If an employer wishes to apply for termination of an employment contract through the UVW or court, they must have a valid ground for their request.
Due to how difficult it is to terminate an employment contract, an employer may instead offer you a settlement agreement. If you are offered a settlement agreement, it is wise to ask a lawyer to check the agreement before you sign it.
Summary dismissal is also called “being fired on the spot”. It is the harshest form of dismissal and is reserved for the most urgent cases. Think of situations such as when an employee is caught stealing, perpetrates fraud, threatens or assaults another person, becomes violent, or displays other serious misconduct.
If you are summarily dismissed, you will not receive unemployment benefit or a transitional allowance and your salary will stop immediately. As such, it will have serious consequences for your future.
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Ontslag-wegens-reorganisatie-1.jpg6671000Daniëlle van den Heuvelhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngDaniëlle van den Heuvel2020-07-01 16:05:052020-07-02 10:45:09Dismissal due to reorganisation – what now?
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/shutterstock_763046476.jpg6671000Koen Vermeulenhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngKoen Vermeulen2020-06-18 16:35:112020-06-22 13:57:30Extended right to a free choice of lawyer
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/shutterstock_549470080.jpg6221000Daniëlle van den Heuvelhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngDaniëlle van den Heuvel2020-06-17 15:55:052020-06-17 15:55:24Employers, the duty of care is broader than you think
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Statutory-director.jpg6671000Godelijn Boonmanhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngGodelijn Boonman2020-06-16 17:11:082020-06-16 17:11:19Differences between the ordinary (functional) and the statutory director
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Adapt-or-die-importance-of-agility.jpg6671000GMW lawyershttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngGMW lawyers2020-06-15 14:33:482020-06-23 11:44:33Adapt or die – finding agility in your business
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Fired-on-the-spot.jpg6661000Seliz Demircihttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngSeliz Demirci2020-05-28 13:40:002020-05-28 13:40:20Fired on the spot
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Back-to-work.jpg6411000Godelijn Boonmanhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngGodelijn Boonman2020-04-23 15:53:082020-05-13 12:50:34Back to work – planning for a successful restart
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Alles-wat-u-moet-weten-over-het-aanvragen-van-de-NOW.jpg6671000Renée Sauerhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngRenée Sauer2020-04-23 14:33:162020-04-23 14:45:50Everything you need to know about applying for the NOW
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Corona-en-pensioenregeling.jpg6921000Koen Vermeulenhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngKoen Vermeulen2020-04-21 14:28:282020-04-21 14:29:10Corona crisis and pension schemes: what are your options as an employer?
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Compensatie-transitievergoeding.jpg6671000Renée Sauerhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngRenée Sauer2020-03-31 12:59:182020-03-31 13:06:48Transitional compensation fee to be requested from April 1, 2020
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/tijdelijke-Noodmaatregel-Overbrugging-voor-Werkbehoud.jpg6671000Leon Koninghttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngLeon Koning2020-03-24 10:33:042020-03-24 10:33:40Government will reimburse up to 90% of your labour costs in the coming months
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Startende-ondernemer.jpg6451000Daniëlle van den Heuvelhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngDaniëlle van den Heuvel2020-03-03 13:41:142020-03-03 13:45:00Starting your own company? Top 6 tips for employment contracts
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Slapende-dienstverbanden.jpg7501000Renée Sauerhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngRenée Sauer2020-02-20 17:14:532020-05-19 16:48:03The Supreme Court decides: dormant employment contracts in violation of being a good employer
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/me-too-2.jpg6671000Daniëlle van den Heuvelhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngDaniëlle van den Heuvel2020-01-30 13:27:362020-01-30 13:27:58# Metoo behaviour does not lead to dismissal
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Borstlap.jpg6681000Koen Vermeulenhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngKoen Vermeulen2020-01-29 16:17:152020-01-29 16:19:29The Borstlap committee report: 7 points that may change for you as an employer
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/when-to-fight-for-your-rights-in-the-netherlands.jpg8001200Godelijn Boonmanhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngGodelijn Boonman2019-10-30 13:23:262020-01-14 11:11:51When to fight for your rights
https://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/Pannenkoekjpg.jpg7211000Koen Vermeulenhttps://www.gmw.nl/wp-content/uploads/GMW-lawyers-weblogo19.pngKoen Vermeulen2019-09-23 17:13:442019-09-23 17:14:32Pension law is not for bakers, but it applies to them